A mutual fund is a portfolio of bonds, stocks, or other investable assets like money market products, that are selected and managed by a professional on behalf of many investors, like you. A mutual fund pools your money with other investors so that you can gain access to more underlying investments than you would normally have access to. With so many different types of mutual funds available, there may be one or more that fits your lifestyle and investment goals.
A professional will decide the best mix of investments and will manage it all on behalf of the fund's investors, so you don't have the work or worry.
By investing in a number of different assets through a mutual fund, you're minimizing your risk because your money is no longer dependent on the performance of a single investment. Learn more about mutual funds and investment strategies.
A Mutual Funds Representative with TD Investment Services Inc. at
Take a look at the wide range of mutual funds available to you.
A mutual fund is a good investment option if you're looking to reach your savings goal in the:
TD provides a wide range of high-quality mutual funds for every kind of investor. From individual funds to portfolios of mutual funds - there is a solution to match your unique comfort level and investment goals. And because mutual funds are professionally managed, you can start investing without needing to be a financial expert.
TD Mutual Funds are an easy way to start investing in a broad range of investment types, without the hassle of managing them.The highlights:
A TD Comfort Portfolio is a collection of high-quality TD Mutual Funds. It's a convenient all-in-one solution where your portfolio is professionally designed and maintained, so you can feel confident in your investment.The highlights:
If you like to invest online -
*As of December 31, 2012
TD Mutual Funds offers a full range of mutual fund account options - both non-registered and registered (TFSA, RESP, RSP). So, whether you are saving for a new home, your child's education or your retirement you get professionally managed mutual funds to help grow your savings.
Start investing without the hassle. With a
Make the most of your mutual fund investment by including it in your retirement savings plan (RSP).The highlights:
A Tax-Free Savings Account (TFSA) is a great place to purchase investments like mutual funds because you don't pay any tax on the income you earn on your investment, and you don't pay income tax on the amounts you withdraw.The highlights:
TD Mutual Funds are a great choice for RESPs because they help you save and plan for your child's post-secondary education. Because you are spreading out your money across many bonds, stocks or other assets, you are helping to reduce the impact that dips in the market can have on your investment.The highlights:
When it comes time to convert your RSP into a Retirement Income Fund, make your retirement money work hard for you on a tax-deferred basis by investing it in a mutual fund.The highlights:
Whether you're just considering investing or have already established a diversified portfolio, here's some information about mutual funds you may find helpful.
One of the basic principals of investing is that the more money you want to make, the more risk you need to be willing to take. This is called the "risk/return trade-off". What it means is that a mutual fund with a lot of growth potential is subject to the fluctuations in the market. So, someone with a high risk tolerance could stand to make or lose a lot of money, depending on the performance of their mutual fund investments.
The best way to understand the risk/return trade-off is to speak with a Mutual Funds Representative. They guide you through the Customer Investor Profile questionnaire that will help define your investing objectives and your tolerance to risk. Once they understand what you want from your mutual fund investments, they will be able to recommend a mutual fund or mutual fund portfolio that is suitable for your needs.
The amount of risk associated with an investment portfolio is determined by the types of assets held. Risk can also be associated with the growth potential of a portfolio.
For example in the graph below:
A stock is an individual share in a company. Stocks - also referred to as "equities" - are traded on exchanges all over the world, and therefore are subject to the dips and rises in the stock market.
When a mutual fund portfolio includes a mixture of stocks and bonds, you benefit from diversification across these two asset classes.
As you can see there are many options in how you can assemble your mutual fund portfolio. A Mutual Funds Representative with
Mutual funds spread your money out across many investment types. This investment strategy is called diversification.
Diversification helps you minimize your risk, because you aren't putting all your eggs in one basket. You may also benefit from greater return potential.
So, with a mutual fund, your money is no longer dependent on the performance of a single investment, but instead is an average of the entire collection of investments. That way if one stock or bond - or other asset - in a mutual fund portfolio performs poorly, other well-performing holdings within the mutual fund's portfolio, help offset any losses.
The same can be true when investing in more than one type of mutual fund to complete a well-balanced investment portfolio.
One of the best ways to diversify your portfolio is to invest among the three main asset classes:
Since asset classes tend to move independently of one another, positive performance in one asset class can help offset negative performance in another.
For mutual fund investors, a diversified portfolio would include a combination of money market funds for safety; bond and mortgage funds for income; and equity mutual funds for potential dividend income and long-term capital growth.
Another important way to diversify your portfolio is by investing in different countries around the world. Often, certain areas of the global economy are performing better than others. In addition, there are industries that may be better represented in other parts of the globe, then they are here at home. By spreading your investments throughout the world, you reduce your overall portfolio risk, while at the same time increasing your long-term growth potential.
Whether you are investing in a bond or equity, they are all subject to fluctuations in market value. Over longer periods of time, however, returns tend to average out and stabilize. Therefore, staying invested longer, helps to reduce your risk and improve your potential for higher returns.
If you can contribute to your mutual fund on a regular basis, not only are you steadily growing your investment, you are saving money while doing so. If you set up a Pre-Authorized Purchase Plan you are investing a fixed amount to your fund at regular intervals.
This strategy, called dollar-cost averaging, lets you buy more units when prices are low and fewer units when prices are high. While it doesn't guarantee a profit, or help protect you against a loss, it can result in a lower average unit cost over time.
For example, let's say you have $60 a month to invest in a particular fund that fluctuates in price.
In three months, you have invested $180 and purchased 42 units, with an average cost per unit of only $4.29.
*In order to set up a Pre-Authorized Purchase Plan, you must meet a $2,000 initial purchase minimum.
We've provided answers to some of the most common questions people have about mutual funds.
The Six Steps to Building a Financial Plan is an effective way to get started on the road toward financial peace of mind.
Once you have a better idea of where you are now and where you want to be in the future, we recommend that you work with a
You'll benefit from a diversified portfolio that reflects your personal investment needs and objectives.
Once you've created a personalized investment portfolio, you can conveniently access your account - as well as make account transactions - anywhere, anytime.
EasyWeb Internet Access is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week - free of charge. The cut-off time for online Mutual Funds transactions is 3 p.m. ET. Any transaction after this time will be processed as of the next valuation day.
EasyLine, a fully automated touchtone telephone service provided by
Or simply visit any
Since mutual funds qualify as securities and not deposits, they are not guaranteed, their values change frequently and past performance may not be repeated.
However, fund managers and the funds themselves operate under strict securities regulations. For example, mutual funds are owned by the unitholders (people who own the mutual fund) and are separate legal entities from the companies that operate them. Securities legislation also requires that mutual fund assets be held in trust by a custodian on behalf of unitholders.
You can choose funds that invest in money market investments such as government issued treasury bills, income investments such as bonds, or equity investments such as stocks of corporations, both domestic and international.
Some funds are broadly diversified, while others target an asset class or a specific sector of the economy, such as international bonds or science and technology stocks. Others aim to replicate the performance of a well-known index, such as the S&P/TSX Composite Index in Canada or Standard & Poor's (S&P) 500 in the United States.
While there are hundreds of choices, each mutual fund will fall into one of the three main asset classes: safety, income or growth. Or, you can choose a balanced fund which is actively managed to maintain a mix of various asset classes.
The minimum initial investment for TD Mutual Funds is $100 for a non-registered account and $100 for an RSP account. The minimum subsequent investment is $100 for both types of accounts.
A TD Mutual Funds Pre-Authorized Purchase Plan is a convenient and affordable way to build your savings. You can start with as little as $25 per fund per transaction and this amount can be automatically deducted from your bank account on a weekly, bi-weekly, semi-monthly, monthly, quarterly, semi-annual, or annual basis.
Transfers between TD Mutual Funds are free, however, a 2% early redemption fee is payable to all funds except money market funds if you transfer or sell units of these funds within 30 days (90 days for
Frequent trading can hurt a fund's performance by forcing the portfolio manager to keep more cash in the fund than would otherwise be needed or to sell investments at an inappropriate time. It may also increase a fund's transaction costs.
Mutual funds are sold through registered Mutual Funds Representatives or other registered advisors with mutual fund or securities dealers associated with banks, trust companies and insurance companies in Canada.
At TD, you can purchase
Net income and net realized capital gains earned by a mutual fund are generally passed on to investors in the form of distributions. The frequency of distributions will vary depending on the mutual fund but will generally be monthly, quarterly or annually.
You can also earn a capital gain when you sell your mutual fund or switch from one mutual fund to another at a price higher than you paid.
The tax treatment of distributions received or capital gains realized will depend upon the type of account in which you hold the investment.
If you hold a mutual fund in a registered plan (such as an RSP, RIF, RESP or TFSA) distributions paid by a mutual fund and any capital gains realized are generally sheltered from tax. Any amount you withdraw from a registered plan (excluding a TFSA) is generally fully taxable. Amounts withdrawn from a TFSA are not taxable.
If you hold a mutual fund in a non-registered account, distributions paid by the mutual fund are taxable whether they are received in cash or reinvested into the mutual fund. You will receive a T3 Supplementary/Relevé 16 tax slip which will tell you the amount and type of income to report on your tax return. You must also include in your taxable income any capital gains realized from selling or switching your mutual fund. It's up to you to calculate and report the capital gains you realize on your transactions. Although an official tax slip is not required, mutual fund companies are required to report all sales or switches to Canada Revenue Agency.
Book value is the original cost of purchases and reinvested distributions minus the average cost of any redemptions. Average cost per unit is used to calculate any capital gains or losses you may earn when you sell or transfer units of a fund you hold in a non-registered account. The average cost per unit is the book value of your fund divided by the number of units you hold.
Technically speaking, there's a difference between a global fund and an international fund, from a North American perspective. A global fund may invest in all the markets of the world, including North America, whereas an international fund generally excludes North America.
While past performance does not guarantee future growth, annualized returns for different periods (e.g. 1-year, 3-years, 5-years, 10 years) are often used to compare funds and the quality of their management. Most major daily newspapers publish mutual funds performance tables each month for periods ranging from one month to 10 years or more.
Comparing a fund with others in its peer group is a good way to evaluate past performance. Mutual fund tables make it easy by grouping similar funds together. The ability to consistently outperform its peers is one sign of a good-quality fund.
To make a fair comparison, it is important to recognize that all funds in one category are not the same. For example, some Canadian equity funds are managed conservatively, while others aggressively pursue growth. One fund manager may emphasize longer-term value, while another may actively trade investment positions at different times in the market cycle. If in doubt, find out from the fund company, the simplified prospectus or the fund facts sheet, what the fund's investment objectives are and how the fund is managed. While some performance numbers can be very attractive, you may discover that the fund's investments are too risky for you.
While market timing is not illegal, our funds are designed for long-term mutual fund investors. TDAM started to charge an early redemption fee (ERF) for most
An asset class is a group of securities that have similar characteristics, behave similarly in the market and are subject to the same laws and regulations. The three main asset classes are equities (stocks), fixed-income (bonds) and cash equivalents (money markets).
A money market investment is generally low-risk, and have a short-term to maturity. They are issued by governments, (e.g. treasury bills), banks and corporations. A mutual fund that primarily invests in these types of securities is managed with the aim of maintaining a stable unit price, while the interest passed along to investors fluctuates based on the fund's portfolio holdings.
A bond is a type of fixed-income investment that is issued by governments and corporations for a longer period of time with the purpose of raising capital by borrowing money. Investors purchase a bond with the understanding that the issuer will pay back their original purchase (the amount the investor loaned to the company) plus and interest that is due, by a set due date (this is called the "maturity" date). A fund that holds most or all of its portfolio in bonds, passes along any net income and net realized capital gains (from the sale of any bond holdings) to the fund's investors.
A stock is a share in a corporation's assets such as a building, land, machinery, and furniture, and a share in the company's profits if it does well. An equity fund, also known as a growth fund, is a mutual fund that invests principally in stocks. Historically, the stock market has provided the highest returns.
Diversification is when an investor purchases a number of different kinds of investments. This aims to reduce the risk by spreading the risk out. An investor can diversify his or her investments by choosing different types of asset classes, companies, industries or geographic locations.